Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, known by his stage name Molière
15 January 1622 – 17 February 1673
Molière was a French playwright and actor. He is considered to be one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature. Among Molière's best known works are The Misanthrope, The School for Wives, Tartuffe, The Miser, The Imaginary Invalid and The Bourgeois Gentleman.
Molière redefined French Theatre in the 17th century, becoming one of the greatest architects of social satire, and his impact can still be felt today. Working under the patronage and protection of the “Roi Soleil” (Sun King) Louis XIV, he penned thirty comedies in which he satirised the shortcomings of the French society of his era. He was extremely successful (to the extent that French is now called “the language of Molière”) but had to suffer censorship and arrest due to his accurate derisions and stinging truths.